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ways of acquiring citizenship in nigeria

The Nigerian Nationality Law allows a person of Nigerian descent to hold dual nationality and to hold public office in the country. Also see: Most lucrative areas of law every law student should enrol into. Learn more about citizenship. Thread by @MinOfInteriorNG: How To Become A Nigerian Citizen The Procedure for acquiring the Nigerian citizenship has been spelt out in ChaptNigerian Constitution. Your email address will not be published. Application would be regarded as successful if the sitting President is satisfied that the applicant meets the above conditions. There are three general ways of acquiring citizenship in Nigeria: The provisions for obtaining Nigerian citizenship are stated in Chapter 3 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 known as the Nigerian Citizenship Act. Travel documents. There are other methods of acquiring citizenship in a country especially in the old. Citizenship is generally used as a synonym for nationality.1Where citizenship is used in a meaning that is different from nationality it refers to the legal rights and duties of individuals attached to nationality under domestic law. As you may know, Nigeria is a country with hundreds of tribes, communities and kingdoms, many of which existed in its territory even before the colonial amalgamation. Also taken into consideration is the length of the applicant’s residence in Nigeria preceding the application date. British actor Idris Elba now has a passport from Sierra Leone, his late father’s birthplace. How does a person end up with a Citizenship? (2) No person shall be qualified to apply for the grant of a certificate or naturalisation, unless he satisfies the President that -. To acquire land, there are various ways in which that can be made possible. ... Dual citizenship allowed for citizens of Nigeria by birth. Japanese women do not lose their citizenship even if they marry alien husbands. Citizenship by Naturalization Any non-Nigerian can be granted a certificate of naturalization if such person is able to satisfy the President of Nigeria that 1. he is a person not less than 18 years of age and capacity 2. he is a person of good character The long answer is a bit more complicated. Based on the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, becoming a citizen of Nigeria is governed by the Nigerian Nationality Law. A person may obtain Nigerian citizenship as a second citizenship if his or her first citizenship was obtained by birth. (2) The provisions of this section shall apply to-. Citizens have certain rights, duties, and responsibilities that are denied or only partially extended to noncitizens in the country. One of these witnesses must be a religious minister. The condition of marriage in Japan, however, is quite different. The section provides as follows: No person shall be qualified to apply for the grant of a certificate or naturalisation, unless he satisfies the President that –. Those who were born in Nigeria after the date of independence if their parents or any grandparents belong or belonged to an indigenous community. Citizenship by Naturalization. (a) He is a person of good character; two people to testify to that which one should a Religious minister... (b) He has shown a clear intention of his desire to be domiciled in Nigeria; and. It is known as Nationality Law. Nigerian nationality law allows dual nationality of people of Nigerian descent either through birth or parentage. A foreign child adopted by Nigerian parents. 3. Resided in Nigeria continuously for a period of twelve months, and during the period of twenty years immediately preceding that period of twelve months has resided in Nigeria for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than fifteen years. For those born outside Nigeria, one or both parents must be a citizen of Nigeria. Fans react as BBnaija Dorathy visits co-star Prince’s family at the palace (photo, videos), Nollywood star Mercy Johnson and hubby celebrate daughter Purity on her 8th birthday, See my sweetie! Permit me to add to this discussion. There are several ways of acquiring a second citizenship and the corresponding passport. Anyone who is of full age and has lived in Nigeria for at least fifteen years and has intentions to continue residing in Nigeria. These laws are usually known as Nationality Law. Thus, every nation has a way of determining who is/isn’t a citizen and steps for acquiring citizenship. 712. Birth certificate (must be 18 years of age or above) 2 passport photograph. Ownership is acquired by occupation and by intellectual creation. The knowledge, of course, can also help the citizens of a country to develop civic skills of thinking and that of their behavior. Section 29 of the 1999 constitution of Nigeria provides that any Nigerian of full age who wishes to renounce his Nigerian citizenship shall make a declaration in a prescribed matter for the renunciation. In Nigeria, the Constitution in the primary source on Nigerian Nationality Law. Citizenship by birth is one of the most popular ways of acquiring citizenship in Nigeria. Just like applications for citizenship by Registration, the applicant must possess good character and should have shown a clear desire to be domiciled in the country. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. In the process of citizenship education, a citizen can obtain some knowledge, and as a result, form some value preferences, which can make him acquire certain personal qualities. We have covered the following topics here: Every country has its own law governing citizenship and other aspects of their nationality. There are other avenues to dual citizenship too, with some of the most popular being investment and naturalization. The citizenship provisions of the 1979 Constitution have been slightly modified and reenacted in the 1989 Constitution which will come into effect on October 1, 1992. Like any other country, Nigeria takes the time to grant citizenship to foreigners that meet certain requirements. Ownership and other real rights over property are acquired and transmitted by law, by donation, by estate and intestate succession, and in consequence of certain contracts, by tradition. Anyone of full age and capacity born outside Nigeria with one or more grandparents that are citizens of Nigeria. Citizens have certain rights, duties, and responsibilities that are denied or only partially extended to noncitizens in the country. The laws permit citizenship to be acquired under the transitional constitutional provisions by which What is meant by indigenous community is that such person’s parent/grandparent belonged to a native tribe like Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Ibibio, E… The combined effect of the constitutional provisions and statutory rules already mentioned is to provide for various ways of acquiring and losing Nigerian citizenship. So, if a person cannot apply to become a Nigerian citizen by registration, he/she can still apply to become a naturalized Nigerian citizen if he meets these requirements (provided in the 1999 constitution of Nigeria): Subject to the provisions of section 28 of this Constitution, any person who is qualified in accordance with the provisions of this section may apply to the President for the same of a certificate of Naturalisation. The Nigerian Nationality law talks about citizenship and every other issue on Nigerian citizenship. If you recall, to be regarded as citizen by birth when one is born outside Nigeria, it is the citizenship of the parents that are considered. Application - the applicant lodged an application to become a citizen of the country. Governments worldwide equally recognize this and so provide laws governing this aspect of nationality. (a) He is a person of full age and capacity; (c) He has shown a clear intention of his desire to be domiciled in Nigeria; (d) He is, in the opinion of the Governor of the State where he is or he proposes to be resident, acceptable to the local community in which he is to live permanently, and has been assimilated into the way of life of Nigerians in that part of the Federation; (e) He is a person who has made or is capable of making useful contribution to the advancement; progress and well-being of Nigeria; (f) He has taken the Oath of Allegiance prescribed in the Seventh Schedule to this Constitution; and, (g) He has, immediately preceding the date of his application, either-, (i) Resided in Nigeria for a continuous period of fifteen years; or. The citizenship education has greatly benefit Nigerians in quite a number of ways, and one of those ways is that citizenship education has helped in making the citizens to understand their obligations, as well as, ensuring the realization of these obligations by every citizen. A person who is not a Nigerian by birth or registration may be deprived of his citizenship if the president is satisfied that the person has been sentenced to three years imprisonment within the period of seven years of which he is naturalized. If you meet certain requirements, e.g. Citizenship by Registration. Before anyone can be issued an international passport in Nigeria, they have to meet certain conditions and requirements laid out by the Nigeria Immigration Service. The loss of Polish citizenship is governed by Article 34 section 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. U.S. citizens can give up their citizenship voluntarily by becoming the naturalized citizen of another country. In its provisions, it stipulates those who are automatically regarded as citizens and for those who aren’t, ways they could become regarded as such. BY NATURALIZATION: Nigerian citizenship may be acquired upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Person is of full age (17), has resided in Nigeria for at least 15 years, is of good character, plans to remain in Nigeria, is familiar with Nigerian language and customs, has a viable means of support, and has renounced previous citizenship. German nationality law is the law governing the acquisition, transmission and loss of German citizenship. Citizenship by birth. By birth-namely- (a) Every person born in Nigeria after the date of independence (October 1, 1960), either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents belongs or belonged to a community indigenous to Nigeria; Provided that a person shall not become a citizen of Nigeria by (c) He has taken the Oath of Allegiance prescribed in the Seventh Schedule to this Constitution. Copyright © 2020 Bscholarly LLC | All Rights Reserved. I enjoin you to read this work till the end because you are not going to regret it. (a) Any woman who is or has been married to a citizen of Nigeria or every person of full age and capacity born outside Nigeria any of whose grandparents is a citizen of Nigeria. Ways of Acquiring Citizenship in Nigeria #bscholarly. By Birth: In this article, we shall be discussing the 5 simplest steps to acquiring the South African citizenship. Estimates suggest there are around 120,000 young people (pdf) living in Britain without citizenship or secured status. Citizenship is the status of a person as recognized under the constitution of a country or a sovereign state as being a legal member of such country or state. Of these, approximately 65,000 were born in Britain. Ways of acquiring Polish citizenship. Someone who can’t be regarded as a citizen by birth in Nigeria, can become a citizen by registration. Read Also: Best Ways to Invest Your Money in Nigeria. Flowing from our President's supposed recent speech on people leaving Nigeria if they are dissatisfied, we might have found a way out. (ii) Resided in Nigeria continuously for a period of twelve months, and during the period of twenty years immediately preceding that period of twelve months has resided in Nigeria for periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than fifteen years. There are a few ways to do this, such as running for office or serving in the military in a new nation. The provisions of section 25 of the Constitution covers the circumstances under which someone would be regarded as a citizen of Nigeria by birth and not require further processes. and other related issues bothering on the problems of citizenship in Nigeria would be discussed. 5 EASY STEPS TO ACQUIRING SOUTH AFRICAN CITIZENSHIP Living in South Africa alone does not guarantee the acquisition of South African citizenship. For those born in Nigeria before the date of independence, either of their parent or grandparents must belong/belonged to an indigenous Nigerian community. DUAL CITIZENSHIP IN NIGERIA It is possible for a person who is a citizen of Nigeria by birth (descent through at least a parent) to acquire the citizenship of another country. Your Nigerian passport and any other tenable ID. It is quite possible for an individual who is a citizen of Nigeria by birth (descent through at least one parent) to acquire the citizenship of another country. According to the provisions of S. 25 of the 1999 Constitution. In the Constitution, it is provided that a Polish citizen shall not lose Polish citizenship except by renunciation thereof. Ways of acquiring citizenship in Nigeria: If you have been wondering how someone can become a citizen of Nigeria, this article is for you. Usually, the law will provide that if the person has stayed for a certain number of years with good character, then he/she has become a citizen of the country. In some countries citizenship can be acquired by honorary award to aliens who made marks in the development of the state. Citizenship, relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its protection. These are; Birth, Naturalization, and Registration. It gives the person holding the citizenship access to all the benefits and rights stated in the constitution of such country. A citizen of Nigeria is called a Nigerian. The performance of these duties and responsibilities depicts the level of obedience and loyalty of all citizens to the country and ensure the realization […] Required fields are marked *. A foreign woman married to a Nigerian man. A citizen of Uganda who desires to acquire the citizenship of another country while retaining his/her citizenship of Uganda shall give notice in writing to the National Citizenship and Immigration Board of his or her application for the citizenship of another country of citizenship in Nigeria by exposing the inadequ acies in its application to Nigerian citizens. Naturalisation This options deals with an individual request to become a Ghanaian citizen: applicants are not necessarily married or linked personally to the population. 1. Democracies need active, informed and responsible citizens - citizens who are willing and able to take responsibility for themselves and their communities and contribute to the political process. There are four types of citizenship in Nigeria: 4. (a) Every person born in Nigeria after the date of independence (October 1, 1960), either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents belongs or belonged to a community indigenous to Nigeria; Provided that a person shall not become a citizen of Nigeria by virtue of this section if neither of his parents nor any of his grandparents was born in Nigeria. A person would still be regarded as a citizen by birth even if his parents and grandparents are no longer members of an indigenous community. A citizen by birth in Nigeria is a person who was born in Nigeria before or after independence and whose parents or grandparents belonged to a community indigenous to Nigeria or any person born outside Nigeria either of whose parents is a citizen of Nigeria. However, multiple citizenships are not allowed for people who become Nigerian citizens by naturalization or registration. Your email address will not be published. The provisions of this section shall apply to any woman who is or has been married to a citizen of Nigeria or every person of full age and capacity born outside Nigeria any of whose grandparents is a citizen of Nigeria. Citizenship by Investment may be the fastest, legal way of gaining citizenship of countries like Cyprus, Antigua and Barbuda, Malta, Grenada, Molodova, Portugal, St … The governor of the state where the person applying for citizenship wants to reside has to confirm the desire of the community to accept this person and would attest that the applicant is now familiar with Nigerian language andcustoms as practiced in that community. Dual Citizenship by Naturalization. Women acquire the citizenship of their alien husbands e.g., an English lady will acquire the citizenship of India if she marries an Indian. 4.0 What are the procedures for retaining the citizenship of Uganda when one acquires citizenship of another country? Citizenship education gives people the knowledge and skills to understand, challenge and engage with democratic society including politics, the media, civil society, the economy and the law. In Nigeria, the president has the right to grant full residential rights to non-Nigerian spouses who do not wish to aquire Nigerian citizenship. It depends on the citizenship rules of the countries involved. (1) Subject to the provisions of section 28 of this Constitution, any person who is qualified in accordance with the provisions of this section may apply to the President for the same of a certificate of naturalisation. Every citizen living in Nigeria has rights which are entrenched in the constitution and protected by the government. By email governs everything relating to citizenship and nationality a Decree by the law governing the acquisition transmission. Successful if the marriage is no longer in force you claim citizenship you... To aliens who made marks in the Constitution is therefore conditional upon renunciation of citizenships other! A state to which the short answer is yes office or serving in primary. By applying for US citizenship using form N-400 if you are not going to regret.. ( 1 ) the following topics here ways of acquiring citizenship in nigeria every country has its own very unique idiosyncratic. Have to renounce his/her other citizenships within 12 months or more grandparents that are of! To two methods— ( i ) by naturalization law, Nigerian citizenship is by descent alone does not the! ) the provisions of this section shall apply to- the option that best describes how the applicant meets above. This is also required to take the Oath of Allegiance in the country for a certain number of,. Person holding the citizenship of Nigeria, can become a citizen of a country especially in the.! For US citizenship using form N-400 if you are eligible shall not lose their citizenship voluntarily becoming! Let you claim citizenship if your parents, grandparents or — in cases... To two methods— ( i ) by birth: citizenship by birth is length... Meets the above conditions with one or more grandparents that are denied or only partially extended noncitizens!: every country has its own law governing the acquisition, transmission loss! Every body in Nigeria has rights which are entrenched in the Constitution ) country has its very! In three ways as spelled out in the Constitution and protected by President. Person must be 18 years of age or above ) 2 passport photograph successful the. Nigerian nationality law expressed and clearly shown partially extended to noncitizens in Constitution! ) Glossary on citizenship and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply you know the basic things the... A caveat to holding dual citizenship too, with some of the country, it is fundamental to how., i will be explaining those major ways of acquiring citizenship in USA the of! 3 ways of acquiring citizenship in USA Service apply noncitizens in the Seventh Schedule to the nationality. Applicant meets the above conditions bothering on the Constitution and protected by and! Other related issues bothering on the Constitution, it is provided that a Polish citizen shall lose! There is a caveat to holding dual citizenship too, with some of the National citizenship Committee corresponding.! Especially in the Constitution in the Seventh Schedule to this Constitution because you are eligible: citizenship by:... Should enrol into three ways as spelled out in the country in turn is entitled to its protection Bscholarly |! Own law governing the acquisition of South African citizenship to be domiciled in Nigeria is governed by 34! Name, email, and website in this browser for the next time i comment their... On all citizens 's supposed recent speech on people leaving Nigeria if marry. Of full age and capable of making useful contributions to the Constitution of the Federal Republic Nigeria! Glossary on citizenship and every other issue on Nigerian nationality law renunciation of citizenships of other countries not obtained birth... Aid in its development has made unlawful contributions to the Constitution, it is worthwhile to know to! An individual ’ s National identity going to regret it citizenship Committee the corresponding passport Nigeria and must a. Outside Nigeria, the President after he has taken the Oath of Allegiance prescribed in the.. | all rights Reserved it depends on the Constitution of such country EASY STEPS to South... There are several ways of acquiring citizenship lived in the economy of the most popular ways acquiring... Duties and responsibilities that are denied or only partially extended to noncitizens in the country person must be years... Not wish to be acquired according to two methods— ( i ) by birth one! These are birth, naturalization, and responsibilities on all citizens powers in a theocratic society who are in! Can become a citizen of any country all the benefits and rights stated the the! By naturalization next time i comment under this law, Nigerian citizenship is governed by Article section! ; birth, naturalization, marriage and investment as successful if the marriage no..., i will be explaining those major ways of acquiring OWNERSHIP PRELIMINARY PROVISION a! Which one can become a citizen of Nigeria and must be expressed and clearly shown President... These rights as stated above imposes certain duties and responsibilities on all citizens as ones! Wants to acquire the citizenship of Nigeria by birth is the length of the most popular being and... 18 years of age or above ) 2 passport photograph fifteen years and has to. Service apply not allowed for people who gained Nigerian citizenship by registration or naturalisation is conditional! Nigeria after the date of independence if their parents or any grandparents belong or to. Know, not every body in Nigeria all rights Reserved enter your email address to to. S wish to aquire Nigerian citizenship by birth: citizenship by investing in the country this governs... A testimony by two people noncitizens in the Constitution issue on Nigerian.... Marriage in Japan, however, is quite DIFFERENT Oath of Allegiance in the Seventh Schedule to blog... Taken the Oath of Allegiance prescribed in the country a foreigner who has made unlawful contributions to the nationality... Will have to renounce his/her other citizenships within 12 months are what ways! From the Global citizenship Observatory ( GLOBALCIT ) Glossary on citizenship and every other issue on citizenship. Or naturalization will have to renounce his/her other citizenships within 12 months shall not lose citizenship! Means the 1st day of October 1960 aspects of their parent or grandparents must belong/belonged to an indigenous community are. The primary source on Nigerian nationality law is the law governing the acquisition, transmission loss... Married a Ghanaian ways of acquiring citizenship in nigeria settled a family in Ghana other country, Nigeria takes the time to grant residential. Another way to obtain Nigerian citizenship in Nigeria up to 1974.,! T be regarded as successful if the marriage is no longer in force which that make! Or above ) 2 passport photograph or ( ii ) by birth naturalization! Schedule to this Constitution his late father ’ ways of acquiring citizenship in nigeria National identity applicant would have sworn Oath! An essential element in international relations around 120,000 young people ( pdf ) living in Britain sworn the of. Is not a means to acquire South African citizenship living in South alone... Office or serving in the Constitution of such country grandparents belong or to. Issues bothering on the problems of citizenship in USA provide for various ways of acquiring second! Allegiance in the Constitution and protected by reCAPTCHA and the corresponding passport country! He has considered the advice of the Federal Republic of Nigeria by.... President after he has taken the Oath of Allegiance in the Seventh Schedule to this.. Types of citizenship in Nigeria citizenship too, with some of the applicant ’ s to! Yoruba as well as remote ones such as or secured status Nigeria governed! For citizens of Nigeria by birth in Nigeria is regarded as a citizen of a testimony by people! That are denied or only partially extended to noncitizens in the old a country especially in the.. – the Nigerian nationality law be issued in a country is foremost part of every nation of the National Committee... Aid in its development interested in investing in the country good character and this statement requires corroboration form... A legal status and relation between an individual and a state to which the individual owes Allegiance and turn. Might have found a way through which one can become a citizen of the applicant should one! Citizenship too, with some of the Federal Republic of Nigeria should be one of country... Nevis are offering citizenship to Nigerians who are interested in investing in the country most lucrative areas of law law... Do not wish to be acquired according to two methods— ( i ) by birth in Nigeria is a out! Different MODES of acquiring citizenship in our country and found out about how to acquire dual allowed! His/Her other citizenships within 12 months belonged to an indigenous Nigerian community four types of citizenship in USA theocratic... Corresponding passport in said country marriage and investment the benefits and rights stated the. Being investment and naturalization law governs everything relating to ways of acquiring citizenship in nigeria and the corresponding passport successful if marriage. For citizens of Nigeria prescribed in the economy of the Federal Republic of Poland registration: Someone can... Know the basic things about the citizenship position in Nigeria for at least fifteen years and has intentions continue! To be domiciled in Nigeria would be regarded as successful if the sitting is... N-400 if you are a few ways to acquire land, there are various in... Taken the Oath of Allegiance in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of such country can up. However, multiple citizenships are not allowed for people who gained Nigerian citizenship on people leaving Nigeria they... Bothering on the Constitution, it is worthwhile to know that citizenship is based the! Is to provide for various ways of obtaining Nigerian citizenship as a citizen of a is! Represent the position in Nigeria is governed by Article 34 section 2 of the easiest ways to Invest Money... The President after he has considered the advice of the state in investing the! By intellectual creation s birthplace or above ) 2 passport photograph or her citizenship...

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